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Majid Riahi

What is a Tenant Improvement?

What is a Tenant Improvement? 1000 750 Majid Riahi

In real estate, a tenant improvement, or leasehold improvement, is “the customized alternations a building owner makes to rental space as part of a lease agreement, [to] configure the space for the needs of that particular tenant. These include changes to walls, floors, ceiling, and lighting, among others.” When your business/company upgrades to a larger space, the space you’re working in should be customized to your needs and fit the look and appeal of your brand. Often there is a clause for tenant improvement in the lease. It would be valuable to get the most out of it.

What have we seen done in our Tenant Improvement projects?
We’ve seen a smart use of materials and creativity let loose from fun paint colors, wallpaper designs, and murals to laminate/vinyl flooring with soundproofing beneath.

With our recent project On Glendale Blvd, the tenants had various colors to match their company logo throughout their walls. The designs and patterns were refreshing and different.

In the individual offices, they made use of wood wall paneling to add texture and character.

Our Tip: Know Your Design + Budget
We highly suggest consulting an interior designer that specializes in tenant improvements. They understand the functionality and use of an area from corporate offices, retail, restaurants, and such. A simple understanding of electrical outlet placement, flow between desks/tables/chairs, hiding acoustic paneling to absorb sound makes a considerable difference to the efficiency and productivity of your employees.

Budget. Budget. Budget. With the cost of materials fluctuating because of supply shortages, always leave an allowance in your budget for variation and last-minute changes.

Tenant Improvements Post-Pandemic
We’re now seeing a significant impact from remote work. Many companies are downsizing their office spaces. However, if your employees cannot work remotely, then the spacing between them must expand.

Are you considering a tenant improvement of your own? Before beginning, interview qualified general contractors. You want a general contractor who will work with your budget and honor your vision.

We’d love to chat with you about your tenant improvement. Contact us today.

We build stories. Build yours with us.

commercial remodel

What are the Top Trends in Home Renovation?

What are the Top Trends in Home Renovation? 2560 1709 Majid Riahi

It’s no doubt that the stay-at-home orders in 2020 stirred many people to reconsider their living situations. As a result, the housing market was a boom as a seller’s market, while home renovations were higher than the previous year. 

We experienced this increase in the number of home renovation projects we’ve received. Most of our projects since the pandemic began were home renovations and additional dwelling units (ADUs). 

Here are the trends we saw happening:


The kitchen is considered the heart of the home. It’s where members of the household gather to enjoy food, converse and socialize. Many desired an open kitchen layout plan with an island.

More so, every Pinterest kitchen organizer’s dream is coming alive. With that, we’ve brought to life new pantries and kitchen islands with organizers within the drawers. Stay tuned for a future blog all about kitchen organization trends.

kitchen with quartz top counter on island

Kitchen design of residence on Moraga Drive

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kitchen design

Kitchen design of residence on Superba Ave

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primary suite bathroom of residence on beverlywood ave

Primary Suite Bathroom of Residence on Beverlywood Ave

Many are opting for sleeker, modern concepts for their bathrooms. For example, we’ve seen non-enclosed showers trending. We have added plenty of skylights, built walk-in showers, cut out niches for shower products, and installed unique stone and tile styles.

Open Layout Concepts

open floor plan by Historia Design & Consulting

Open Floor Plan by Historia Design & Consulting

As it is increasingly harder to buy a new home in Los Angeles, most are redesigning what they have. Thus, the open layout allows more movement and fluid between spaces without walls—merging the living, kitchen, and dining into one great room enables a home to feel larger yet homey.

Replacing Sliding Doors with Bifold Doors

Bifold doors do a lot in merging indoor and outdoor spaces. Once pulled back, the two areas are blurred, allowing for uninterrupted flow. It’s a concept that enables the room to enlarge–most desirable for people who love to host gatherings and parties in their homes.

Exterior view of residence on Curson Ave

Exterior view of residence on Curson Ave

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Creative, innovative exterior finishes

Architects are introducing exterior finishes that combine metal, wood, and stucco. It’s innovative, fresh, and modern.

exterior of ADU

Exterior of a proposed ADU on Hoover Street

ADU Rendering by Nwankpa Design
Spaces – decks and balcony additions

It’s hard not to want to enjoy the beautiful California weather year-round. As a result, we added plenty of balconies and decks to many of the homes we’ve renovated.

exterior details of a home

Exterior of a residence on Superba Ave

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When it comes to renovating your home, you must do the work in the beginning to ensure a relatively smooth experience. We highly suggest that you set out to interview qualified general contractors. They are the people who you will be in contact with for the next few months as your home is being worked on. If you’re in the Los Angeles area, we’d love to get to know your story and see how we can best serve you.

Fill out the form below today! We can’t wait to talk to you.

qualified general contractor

How to Tell if Your Contractor is a Qualified General Contractor

How to Tell if Your Contractor is a Qualified General Contractor 2560 1707 Majid Riahi

As a general contractor, we know the importance of finding a qualified team to work on your investment project. Not only is it about the quality of work, but the ease of mind that they will complete your project professionally and timely. In addition, the effort you put at the beginning of your search and selection will allow you to establish expectations of the work performed and translate to a smooth-going (or as close it can be) process once they begin.

Here are ten (10) ways to tell if your contractor is a qualified general contractor:

1. Ask for their complete list of documentation

    • Date of license issue and expiration
      • If your contractor is unlicensed, the risk for problems goes up
    • Bonding information
    • Details on their insurance
      • Worker’s compensation for their employees
      • Liability Insurance

2. Review their resume

    • Legal name, Business address, city, zip code, phone number
    • Entity type
    • How long they’ve been in business
    • Financial stability of their business and relationship to your bank
    • Credit standing with suppliers

3. Verify their business and contractor’s license through your state

4. Request professional references and ask:

    • Do they begin and end on schedule?
    • Was the number of people employed acceptable for the size and scope of the project?
    • Does the work successfully pass inspections?
    • How responsive is the contractor to problems?
    • Is the contractor readily available via phone, email, or text?

5. Review their portfolio of work

    • The quality of their photography tells a story of their value

6. Ask to visit one of their current projects to see if they:

    • Maintain a stable and reliable crew of workers
    • Execute their craft in a skillful and professional way
    • Provide adequate site supervision
    • Cooperate reasonably with other trade
    • Use materials efficiently and effectively
    • Keep the job site clean and safe

7. Check their workers’ compensation and commercial general liability insurance coverage

    • In California, if a contractor has employees, they are required to carry worker’s compensation insurance. If a worker is injured on your property and does not have worker’s compensation, you could be financially responsible.
    • Commercial general liability insurance is not required in the state of California; however, it covers damage to your property. If the contractor does not have general liability insurance, they should be transparent with you in the case of damages or losses.

8. Contact the Better Business Bureau

    • Have complaints been filed against them?

9. Ask for their standard contracts to review. Never sign a blank, legal contract. To list a few:

    • Total Contract Price and Terms of Payment
    • Change Order practices
    • Owner and Contractor Agreement
    • Conflict Resolution and Termination
    • Contractor’s Mark-Up on Labor and Materials

10. Verify their contractor bond

    • The state of California requires contractors to have a license bond of $15,000. It covers any project the contractor agrees to perform. Please note: it may not be enough to cover if your project is worth more than the value of the bond.
    • Learn more about bonds here.

We welcome you to confirm our qualifications. We will provide all of the necessary documents to ensure you’re working with an incredible team that puts care and attention into your investment project.

Starting your project soon and sourcing qualified contractors? Contact us today!

interior design

Interior Design Essentials for New Construction

Interior Design Essentials for New Construction 2560 1916 Majid Riahi

New construction projects allow you to start with a fresh, blank canvas. If you’re anything like us, you’re thrilled by the idea of letting your inner interior designer loose, making each room come alive with wall treatments, light fixtures, drapery, and accessories of every shape and size. But, of course, while it’s a great way to express your sense of style, some design elements are non-negotiable. So, somewhere within the wild experimentation and free expression of your interior design spree, you’ll need to make sure you’ve got the following essentials covered.

General Home

  • Ample windows and skylights
    • With more natural light to keep your spaces bright, you’ll make your home much more energy-efficient without the need to turn on lights throughout the day
  • Open floor plan centered around kitchen/living room to maximize space
    • The openness between the two spaces creates flow, making it easy to walk around


  • Two-tone cabinetry enhanced with antique gold or black hardware
    • The contrasting tones and hardware adds visual interest while making your kitchen look spacious
  • Dedicated walk-in pantry
    • A dedicated walk-in pantry frees up your kitchen of clutter


  • Walk-in closets
    • Who doesn’t want a private room for their clothes and accessories?
  • Black-out window shades
    • Get the best possible amount of sleep without outside light wake you


  • Dual flush toilets
    • Be more environmentally friendly and conserve valuable gallons of water by having a toilet with a low flush option
  • Humidity controlled exhaust fans
    • Quiet exhaust fans have been designed to reduce moisture keeping things like mold or mildew at bay

Living Room

  • Built-ins to maximize storage
    • Custom shelving, hidden storage, and TV/entertainment media unit keep your spaces sleek, clutter-free, spacious, and flexible. Also, a well-placed built-in can be a great focal point of your living room.

Smart Home Technology 

  • App-driven technology
    • Simplify your life by having your thermostat, security system, smart appliances, and lights controlled through your smartphone
  • Build-in speakers
    • You’ll save yourself valuable wall and floor space by having your speakers strategically placed within the walls/ceilings
  • Plenty of power outlets with USB charging ports
    • Thoughtful placement of outlets can make charging your devices and your life much easier

Interior design is the perfect time to express your aesthetic tastes and transform a house into a home, your home. As long as you’ve sorted out these core essentials, you will be free to go as wild as you want in your interior design endeavors. So what are you waiting for? It’s time to get designing!

Top 10 Questions to Ask Your Contractor Before Starting a Project

Top 10 Questions to Ask Your Contractor Before Starting a Project 2240 1260 Majid Riahi

Photo by ThisIsEngineering from Pexels

Let’s set the scene. You’re gearing up for a big property development project, and the excitement levels are at a fever pitch; you’re touching base with your partner every hour, on the hour to make sure things are running smoothly; and you’ve got the contractors all clued up and ready to go at a moment’s notice. All sounds good. What could go wrong? Well, in the hustle and bustle of a new development project, it’s easy for people to take that last factor, the contractors, for granted. People say: “They’re professionals! Of course, we can count on them.” But is that the case? You’ll want to make sure the contractors you choose are indeed the best fit for your project, and you can do so by asking them these 10 simple questions.

Can I see your contractor license?

Not all states require contractors to have obtained a valid, non-expired license, but that doesn’t mean that it’s not important. You’re investing a lot into that project (whatever it may be), and it’d be a crying shame if you left the work in the hands of a team who hasn’t proven their competence by acquiring a license. Oh, and don’t worry about offending your contractor; if they are fully licensed, they’ll have no issues with showing you the relevant proof.

Are you bonded and insured contractor?

Before your contractor’s team sets foot on your property, this question is essential. Then, if the worst should occur and disaster befalls your project, you’ll be thankful your contractor is bonded and insured—and therefore able to cover for the losses incurred.

How long have you been in business?

This question shouldn’t require much explanation. But, regardless of the situation, are you more likely to trust someone with years of experience or a true-blue beginner?

What are your company’s safety practices and protocols?

Safety should be one of your contractor’s top priorities. If they don’t have an answer to this question, be concerned.

Who will be my point of contact?

Any good contractor will provide you with a dedicated contact, someone who’s 100% in the know and able to respond to your queries. Without this person, you’ll soon feel left in the dark with regards to your property. That’s not a nice feeling, so it’s crucial to establish who your main point of contact will be before your project begins.

What projects have you taken which are similar to mine?

If you can get your hands on some case studies of your contractor’s prior work, you can get a feel for their quality and experience.

What’s the expected time scale for completion of this project?

It might make you feel like a child in the back seat of the car asking, “are we nearly there yet?” but don’t be ashamed. There’s nothing wrong with trying to establish a time scale for your project with your contractor. On the contrary, we recommend that you do!

What’s your warranty policy?

Sometimes, the flaws in a contractor’s work won’t begin to show until a little while after you’ve parted ways. If your contractor’s work starts to fall apart or crumble, you want to make sure they will correct it. That’s why learning about your contractor’s warranty policy is so important!

Will a dedicated team be assigned to my project?

Contractors, especially larger-scale ones, tend to have multiple teams on the go at any given time. Therefore, you’ll want to ensure that the same team sticks with your project for the duration. That way, you can rest easy and safe in the knowledge that an unfamiliar and inexperienced team won’t wander onto the construction site halfway through your project.

Are there any extra charges with your service?

The only thing worse than an additional charge is an additional charge that’s also a surprise! So, clear away any confusion and make sure you get all the bills out in the open.

Don’t take things at face value. Ask questions, be curious and know what you’re getting! Trust us; you’ll be glad you did.

construction industry trends 2021

2021 Construction Industry Trends to Watch

2021 Construction Industry Trends to Watch 2240 1260 Majid Riahi

So we’ve made it to the new year! It’s time to reevaluate, throw out the old and welcome in the new. We’re sure you’ve got plenty of exciting plans and ‘new beginnings’ in mind for your new year. Maybe you’ll go vegan; perhaps you’ll start reading more or learn another language; you might even reach out for that promotion which has been so tantalizingly close for so long. The world is yours to explore, and now is the time to make the most of it.

Over here in the construction industry, we’re opening our eyes to a range of new possibilities in 2021. Previous construction industry trends are quickly becoming old news while hot new alternatives rise to take their place. If you’re keen to stay on top of all the latest construction industry trends, you’ll want to listen up. Here are a few of the trends to watch:

3D Printing

You’ve seen 3D printing used to create small components or novelties like pencil pots, but did you ever consider it as a viable method of constructing a house? Until recently, we didn’t either. Throughout the last decade, though, several companies all over the world have shaken up the industry by 3D printing entire houses, including in Mexico, Italy and the Netherlands. As we enter 2021, more companies will continue incorporate of 3D printing into their construction toolbox, and it’s something that absolutely requires your attention.

Modular Construction Methods

With the novel coronavirus forcing a ‘start-stop’ practice of working on the construction industry in 2020, modular construction methods have grown in popularity to mitigate the resultant loss of productivity. By prefabricating a house’s components in a factory and simply shipping them to a project site, construction firms can minimize the amount of on-site work required to get the house finished, thereby avoiding the disaster posed by delayed projects. In 2021, sadly, coronavirus is still with us. Therefore, we only see the efficiency of modular construction growing as the year goes on.

Sustainable Practices

The impact we’re having on the environment has been a significant ‘red flag’ in all of our lives for years now, and the pressure has only built as time has passed. In 2021, we’re due to reach a fever pitch in the urgency of our environmental issues. In response, it’s only natural that the construction industry will shift to meet the changing situation. There are countless environmentally-friendly materials, processes and practices the industry has known about (and used, occasionally) for years. In 2021, expect them to grow astronomically more popular and widespread.


In construction, drones are an invaluable eye in the sky, perfect for surveying a site safely and with a robust panoramic. In 2021, we’ll see more and more construction companies implementing drones wherever possible. Whether it’s to run an initial safety sweep of a site, determine material costs for a job, or deliver materials themselves, drones will become a key part of countless construction teams all over the country.

Final Thoughts

2021 promises to be exciting for the construction industry, one in which theoretical possibilities of yesteryear will become realities. Drones, 3D printing and genuinely sustainable construction methods—all exciting stuff. By the time 2022 rolls around, it might all be commonplace. From all of us at Substrata, we hope you have a truly Happy New Year!

commercial remodel

Commercial Remodeling: Tips for Successful Improvements

Commercial Remodeling: Tips for Successful Improvements 1920 862 Majid Riahi

So you’re looking to dive into the vast undertaking of commercial renovation. It’s a smart choice: done well, a commercial remodel can impress clients, boost foot traffic, motivate employees and embolden investors. That’s the thing, though, isn’t it? You’ve got to make sure it goes well if you want to reap the rewards. So before you get started with your big commercial remodel, make sure you’re clued-up with the following tips. Think of this as your own personal commercial building renovation checklist!

Create a Budget and Time Frame (And Expect to Exceed Both)

Commercial remodeling services don’t come cheap. There are a lot of jobs that will cost you a lot of money, from your initial design to the acquisition of materials, baseline structural repairs to the commercial renovation itself. It’s worth researching quite how much you’ll expect to pay and setting aside an appropriate sum, with an extra 10% or so in case of unexpected costs or alterations you may desire.

As well as budgeting your finances, you’ll also want to budget out your time; that is, lay out an expected time frame for your commercial renovation. When considering this, remember that your employees and customers will likely have to continue operating throughout the proceedings. This can lengthen the time-to-completion, and if you don’t account for it, can lead to higher costs too.

Have a Central Reason for Your Renovation

One of the great things about a commercial remodel is that they can benefit a company, its employees, and its customers in a variety of ways. Still, before contacting any commercial remodel companies and getting started, it’s important that you work out a core reason for your renovation. Are you looking to modernize? Increase the services you offer? Perhaps you seek a more collaborative environment for your employees? There can be secondary reasons and benefits to your commercial renovation, sure, but without working out that core guiding factor, you’ll risk suffering from a lack of direction. With the myriad steps involved in even the simplest remodel, that sense of direction is key to keeping you within budget and on schedule.

Keep Within the Law

Any sort of major construction work, especially on premises that will be used by the public, must conform to local building regulations, safety regulations and accessibility requirements. Without meeting these requirements, it’s likely that you’ll face a number of complications with regulatory organizations down the road. It’s also important to attain all the relevant permits from your local authorities before getting started.

Ask For Your Employees’ Input

There are a mountain of decisions to make when taking on a commercial remodel, and while too much external advice can be overwhelming, it’d serve you well to keep track of what your employees are thinking from time to time. They are, after all, the ones who will be spending the most time in your building; the remodel should suit them more than anyone else. If you’re stuck on a tough design decision, remember who’s going to be working around it for the foreseeable future and ask for their thoughts.

Commercial remodels can work wonders in reinvigorating your employees and re-engaging customers. If you plan wisely, choose the right contractors, and stay within the laws of your locality, you’re on track for rewarding project outcome.


The Differences Between Ground Up Construction & Renovation

The Differences Between Ground Up Construction & Renovation 2240 1260 Majid Riahi

Long-term success in commercial ground up construction depends on a range of important choices, especially for the most profit-driven of commercial construction companies (as all good ones are). Some of these choices may appear small and relatively insignificant; others will be big and—in all honesty—so significant as to be intimidating. Few choices, however, are as large,  as important or as worry-inducing as the choice between ground up construction and renovation. It’s a major decision, one that could make or break a property investment. That’s why we’re here to guide you through the ups and downs of both options.

Ground Up Construction and Renovation – What’s the Difference?

It’s pretty simple. Whereas one—renovation—involves reworking, redesigning and remodeling an existing property, the other—ground up construction—instead involves creating an all-new property from scratch. That means potentially knocking down an existing property, laying all-new foundations, handling the brickwork, erecting scaffolding as well as a million-and-one other jobs, big and small. It’s the whole shebang, and even with the much-needed help of building contractors it’s a lot of work. So why would anyone be interested in it?

Ground Up Construction Advantages

While you’ll always be restricted to some extent by safety laws, local building standards and other buildings regulations, ground up construction offers dramatically more freedom than renovation. Budget permitting, ground up construction lets you construct a property exactly how you envision it. If you’re looking to build a property for a specific purpose, particularly a niche one, this can save you from a myriad of future expenses as well as make your property stand out to those niche buyers (who are likely willing to pay above market average).

For an example of how ground up construction can save you money as a Landlord, look to the potential cost of tenant improvement allowances. This is a pre-arranged sum you will need to provide to your tenant (typically for a business location) in order to cover the cost of renovation and of making the property suitable for their needs or the needs of their business. By building a property from the ground up with a certain set of needs in mind, you can mitigate those tenant improvement costs and get business owners flocking to your property!

Finally, ground up construction gives you the ability to outfit your property with the latest cost-saving, energy-efficient innovations. Often, these are too much of a hassle to implement in renovations, yet they stand to increase the price and attractiveness of even a basic property.

Renovation Advantages 

Of course, renovating an existing property comes with its share of advantages too. For one, it’s significantly less intensive in terms of labor, cost and time. With an existing property, most—if not all—of the essential components will already be in place: from the foundation to the electrics, it’s all there and ready to go.

Additionally, the reduced cost and risk of renovations mean that it’s far easier to get funding from property development financiers. The more ambitious a commercial construction project is, the greater the risk of failure. With a renovation project, especially one with thorough planning behind it, there’s little risk (relatively speaking) in the eyes of lenders, and so they’ll be far more willing to lend you the cash you need.

Ground Up Construction Disadvantages

Bureaucracy can be a pain, but it’s a fact of life, and in construction it exists primarily for our safety. Unfortunately for you, if you opt for a ground up construction project, it also means that you’ll need to acquire discrete permits for each facet of the construction process. Building, paving, landscaping, electrical, plumbing and more. You’ll need to acquire a permit for all of these before you can go ahead with construction. This can lead weeks, possibly months of tedious waiting and may seriously extend the timeline of your commercial construction project. And if you’re looking to demolish an existing property before you go ahead with a new-build? Well, you’ll need to acquire a demolition permit too.

Luckily, like all good commercial construction companies, we’re happy to handle the acquisition of all necessary permits. All you need to do is sit back and relax, safe in the knowledge that Substrata has things covered. 

Renovation Disadvantages 

It may be quicker and cheaper, but renovating an existing property isn’t always a sunny walk in the park; if you aren’t careful, thunderclouds can start forming overhead shockingly quickly. Existing properties, particularly if they’re old, can be hiding an array of unexpected surprises (and not the nice kind). Lead, asbestos, termites, mold and more could be waiting behind any given wall or in any ceiling cavity. If you encounter any of these when taking to your property with hammers and picks, prepare to face significant costs and lengthy project delays.

With renovations, you’re also constrained by the limits of the property’s existing structure. You may be able to knock down walls, rewire and re-plumb (at cost), but you can never match the creative freedom and flexibility that comes with ground up construction.


This isn’t what you’ll want to hear, but when it comes to the choice between renovation and ground up construction, there is no single right answer; there is only what’s right for you. You’ll need to weigh up your circumstances, financial situation, available time and your ability to accommodate for unforeseen circumstances (very important).

Ground up constructions require much more time, effort and dedication (your building contractors will be your best friends by the end of it), but they’re also an order of magnitude more flexible and potentially more lucrative to boot. Renovations, on the other hand, are more restrictive, but they’re also generally quicker and cheaper (barring any serious unexpected setbacks).

If you’re unsure which is right for you, get in touch! We’ll be happy to speak with you about your specific needs.

Environmentally Friendly Construction

Environmentally Friendly Construction 1280 800 Majid Riahi

Humanity has incited an adverse stamp on our planet that scientists have designated it into a new geological era coined as the Anthropocene. Ignited by urban and industrial breakthroughs, anthropogenic or human-influenced undertakings suited for human needs resulted in the mutation of the earth’s landscape which has proven to be cataclysmic. Our planet is drastically being altered by our influences on nature. We exhaust our land’s resources, build highways on it, dig and run pipes underneath it and trash it with our excessive consumption. Much variegated from previous geological epochs that left us with natural archeological imprints, it is foreseeable in the future that we may be leaving footprints of “manufactured landscapes” from buildings to highways to damaging human trash and discards. Recognizing this possible aftermath, human inventiveness that guaranteed our progress is belatedly growing an ecological consciousness of the need for a more sustainable planet. We have gradually become mindful of our influences on nature which consequently reshaped the way we consume our resources. Over the years, our objectives have changed, and our focus veered towards sustainability for a more eco-friendly environment.

The building industry is one of the major sectors that is increasingly reshaping its role and practices to improve its impact on nature. Given that construction requires a significant amount of material use, it virtually exhausts a massive portion of resources, allowing for the prospect of achieving sustainability in every aspect of the building process, from technologically intelligent and energy-efficient designs to material considerations to advanced construction methods. There is also a favorable potential for resource recovery of construction waste by responsive approaches towards effective waste management, such as reusability and recyclability of scraps, discards, and off-cuts instead of these excesses customarily designated to landfills. Material wastes and excesses in an industry as sizeable as building construction can be valuable, creating occasions for reuse and recycling. Elongating a used material’s life span diverges the number of materials to be harvested from nature as well as deflects waste from adding to the mounting pile of landfills.

In its venture to reform existing environmental circumstances, notable green building programs such as LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) provides certification, thrusting further aspirations for the construction industry into a sustainable zone. Substrata Inc., a LEED-certified company, aligns its objectives towards earth-friendly building practices and informed decisions in order to adhere to low-chemical emissions, initiate water and energy conservation as well as maximize utilization of renewable resources in different areas and aspects of construction:

• Painting: Substrata advocates the use of water-based paint to support low-chemical emissions. Paint has toxic contaminants that are hazardous to health and air quality. Water-based paint deters the risk of adverse health effects and does not cause air pollution.

• Plumbing: Substrata uses water-efficient plumbing products such as dual flush toilets for solid and liquid waste as well as faucets with a specified maximum amount of flow rate to save water.

• Electrical: Application of LED lighting and dimmer switches on all rooms minimizes power consumption and promotes longevity, consequently decreasing electricity costs for Substrata clients.

• Rain Barrels and Storm Drain System: Substrata clients conserve water and save on water bills with rain barrels and storm drain systems. Rain barrels serve as reservoirs for rainwater drained from the roof through a downpipe. Water collected from roof gutters is used to irrigate lawns, water gardens, and wash driveways.

• Renewable Materials: Substrata engages in product selectivity by recommending to its clients renewable and recycled materials such as bamboo, which endorses reduction of pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.

• Waste Management: Substrata employs waste management companies to collect and segregate construction debris from demolition works, 50% of which goes to recycling plants.

Substrata is one of the growing companies in the building industry showing maturity towards earth-friendly business engagements. Each sector in commerce adapting the principles of sustainability, when added collectively, become proactive collaborators in a global movement for a greener environment. When looking for a more sensible vision of what the future would be like influenced by an allied global action, humanity’s relationship with nature will be more thoughtful and far-reaching in its effort to build a sustainable planet. After all, there is only one earth we all call our home.

De Pencier, Nicholas, Burtynsky, Edwards and Baichwal, Jennifer. The Anthropocene Project. 2018.
“Construction Industry Progress Towards Sustainability with Renewable Material”. Recycling Magazine.
progress-towards-sustainability-with-renewable-materials/. 14 April 2020.